My mission in writing this blog is solely educational and, in the end, to have all the plants that are going to be purchased and planted this fall to all be planted properly. Last week I mentioned how we in Central Virginia deal with clay heavy soil. This clay soil is the driving force in needing to dig a $100 hole and to amend our soil with compost when planting. This is true for not only shrubs and trees but also when planting perennials, annuals, vegetables, etc.
So – What does a professional hole look like?
1. Dig your hole 2 – 4 times as WIDE as the plants’ root system, but no deeper than the root ball to be planted. Roots of plants tend to grow shallow and outward, and the amended soil will support their growth.
2. ALL OF US HERE AT THE PEARSON GARDENS HIGHLY RECOMMEND ADDING ESPOMA BIO-TONE INTO THE HOLE AT THE TIME OF PLANTING. BIO-TONE IS AN ORGANIC PRODUCT THAT HELPS PROMOTE ROOT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT.
3. Dig your hole NO DEEPER THAN the actual root system of the plant. In fact, I recommend planting having some of the roots slightly HIGHER out of the hole. Remember “Plant it high, it won’t die. Plant it low, it won’t grow.” Without doubt with all my years in the nursery business, the most common cause of plant failure or death is that the plants are being planted TOO DEEP. The soil was mounded up onto the trunk or stem of the plant. Remember ROOTS ARE ROOTS and STEMS ARE STEMS. Stems or trunks of plants are meant to stay above ground and cannot be buried under soil or mulch. Stems of plants planted too deeply will eventually rot leading to a slow, lingering death.
4. Pre-water the plant thoroughly. By pre-watering, you are making sure that the root system of the plant is well watered before the actual planting.
5. If the plant is container-grown, carefully take the plant out of the container and examine the root system. In many cases, the roots are matted and growing in a circle. I highly recommend loosening the root system to get them to stop growing in a circle and start growing outward. Sometimes you need to be aggressive to accomplish this feat and actually “score” the sides of the root system with a knife and loosen this tangled mess of roots. Loosening the root system will allow water and nutrients to easily flow throughout the entire root structure. Plants grown with a burlap ball should not be disturbed. You want to water the root ball, remove any twine that may be tied around the trunk, and fold back the burlap away from the trunk to expose the actual top of the root ball. For trees, the root flare should be level with the edge of the planting hole.
6. Now set the plants’ root system in place. Once again, make sure that the top of the root system is slightly higher than the hole. Now you are ready to backfill the hole with the loose, amended soil. I always like to recommend water as you plant. The weight of the water will help compress the soil around the root system and get rid of any dry air pockets.
7. Most new plantings require about an inch of watering 2 to 3 times per week for the first couple of months. Water in the early morning or in the evening to minimize evaporation. Watering is best done as one deep soaking to wet the entire soil area. You may need to add more watering once you get to know your soil. Stick your finger in the soil near the root system. If it feels damp like a sponge then hold off on watering for another day or so and check again.
8. Mulch the new plants. Mulch only 2 or 3 inches. Be sure not to mound the mulch against the stem of the plant. Mulch helps to hold in soil moisture, moderate the soil temperature, and reduce weeds. Mulch can be anything from pine tags (straw), shredded pine bark, or shredded hardwood. Home buyers Largo Fl